Using fimbrin to quantify the endocytic subapical collar during polarized growth in three filamentous fungi. Academic Article uri icon


  • Filamentous fungi produce specialized cells called hyphae. These cells grow by polarized extension at their apex, which is maintained by the balance of endocytosis and exocytosis at the apex. Although endocytosis has been well characterized in other organisms, the details of endocytosis and its role in maintaining polarity during hyphal growth in filamentous fungi is comparatively sparsely studied. In recent years, a concentrated region of protein activity that trails the growing apex of hyphal cells has been discovered. This region, dubbed the "endocytic collar" (EC), is a dynamic 3-dimensional region of concentrated endocytic activity, the disruption of which results in the loss of hyphal polarity. Here, fluorescent protein-tagged fimbrin was used as a marker to map the collar during growth of hyphae in three fungi: Aspergillus nidulans, Colletotrichum graminicola, and Neurospora crassa. Advanced microscopy techniques and novel quantification strategies were then utilized to quantify the spatiotemporal localization and recovery rates of fimbrin in the EC during hyphal growth. Correlating these variables with hyphal growth rate revealed that the strongest observed relationship with hyphal growth is the distance by which the EC trails the apex, and that measured endocytic rate does not correlate strongly with hyphal growth rate. This supports the hypothesis that endocytic influence on hyphal growth rate is better explained by spatiotemporal regulation of the EC than by the raw rate of endocytosis.

published proceedings

  • Mycologia

author list (cited authors)

  • Vasselli, J. G., Kainer, E., & Shaw, B. D.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Vasselli, Joseph G||Kainer, Ellen||Shaw, Brian D

publication date

  • May 2023