Live and carcass values from different cattle types.
Additional Document Info
Slaughter steers and heifers (n = 345) were selected representing the following cattle types: English steers and heifers, Exotic steers and heifers, less than 50% Bos indicus steers and heifers, greater than or equal to 50% Bos indicus steers, and Holstein steers. Thirty sides representing 30 carcasses from each cattle type were fabricated into boneless subprimals and trimmed to three fat-trim levels: 2.54, 1.27, and .64 cm. Yields of cuts to each trim level were used to calculate values for each carcass component. Live values were calculated after slaughter and fabrication costs and drop credits were considered. Values were calculated for U.S. Choice and U.S. Select grades and the weighted average value accounting for the Choice/Select mix for each cattle type. At a constant quality level, fatter cattle types were more valuable at the 2.54 cm of fat-trim level. As fat was trimmed, the leaner cattle types became more valuable and the fatter types became less valuable. Cattle types with higher percentages of Choice carcasses were more valuable at the 2.54 cm of fat-trim level, but when subprimals were trimmed to .64 cm, the lower-grading carcasses became closer in value due to cutability advantages.