Experimental study on the startup of the annular wick type heat pipe using fiber optical temperature measurement technique Academic Article uri icon


  • This study used optical fiber-distributed temperature sensors to measure the internal and external temperature distributions of a water-cooled heat pipe. The sensor technology used in this study is fiber optical distributed temperature sensing, a distributed sensing technique based on the naturally occurring Rayleigh backscatter in optical fibers. This measurement technique provides maximum spatial resolution for static and semi-static applications. Using this sensor, the temperature distribution of the heat pipe's internal, external, vapor core, and the wick was measured with a spatial resolution of 0.65mm, a sampling frequency of 40Hz, and a temperature resolution of 0.1C. Through the measured temperature distribution database, the starting phenomenon, the effective length trend, and the limitation onset were observed. From the results, it is found that a high-temperature peak appears at the evaporator if a high initial power (75W) is imposed on the heat pipe, even after the heat pipe approaches the normal operating status. The peak is not observed in a slower startup (30W initial power then slowly increased to 75W). It is also found that the temperature distributions and effective condenser length of the heat pipe highly depend on the cooling conditions. There are variations in the temperature according to the radial direction of the horizontal heat pipe due to gravity. Lead and lag of the temperature evolution were observed at the onset of the operating limitations.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Seo, J., Kim, H., & Hassan, Y. A.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Seo, Joseph||Kim, Hansol||Hassan, Yassin A

publication date

  • May 2023