Microbiological and sensory characteristics of beef loin steaks: Role of subcutaneous fat.
Additional Document Info
Beef loin steaks with the subcutaneous fat attached, without subcutaneous fat and the subcutaneous fat that was removed from steaks were packaged and stored at 4C 1C in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film for 0-6 days and in high-oxygen barrier (HOB) film for 0-28 days. Aerobic plate counts (APCs) of subcutaneous fat of intact steaks and of subcutaneous fat that was packaged and stored separately in PVC and HOB films were greater (P < 005) than those of comparable lean samples. The APCs of lean of steaks without subcutaneous fat that were packaged and stored in HOB film were lower (P < 005) than those of the lean of intact steaks. APCs of the lean of these two types of steaks packaged and stored in PVC film did not differ (P > 005). Mean surface discoloration and mean overall appearance scores of intact steaks packaged and stored in HOB film were greater than those of steaks packaged and stored without subcutaneous fat; differences were significant (P < 005) after 21 and 14 days, respectively. This difference in surface discoloration was attributed to metmyoglobin formation due to possibly higher levels of oxygen remaining in the packages of steaks without subcutaneous fat than in packages containing steaks with the fat attached.