Using calcium chloride injection to improve tenderness of beef from mature cows.
Additional Document Info
The objective of this investigation was to determine the effect of calcium chloride (CaCl2) injection on Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBS), sensory panel ratings, and collagen traits of mature cow beef. Within 30 min of exsanguination, subprimals (top round, TR; top sirloin, TS; strip loin, SL) from alternate sides of the carcass were injected with a .3 M CaCl2 solution (10% of the subprimal weight) and aged for 1, 7, or 14 d. The corresponding cold-boned cuts of the other side served as a control. Injecting CaCl2 eliminated the requirement for extended postmortem storage, as indicated by d 1 WBS. During the 14-d aging period, WBS of noninjected cuts decreased by 2.59 kg, whereas WBS of CaCl2-injected samples decreased by only .35 kg. Compared with control cuts, CaCl2 injection improved (P less than .05) d-14 WBS of steaks from SL, TS, and TR by 41.1, 40.1, and 15.3%, respectively. Additionally, CaCl2-injected subprimals exhibited higher (P less than .05) sensory panel tenderness ratings, lower (P less than .05) amounts of detectable connective tissue, and shorter (P less than .05) sarcomere lengths. No differences (P greater than .05) were observed in any quantitative collagen traits between CaCl2-injected and control cuts. These results indicate that CaCl2 injection improved ultimate tenderness and sensory ratings of meat from mature cow cuts.