Singular and combined effects of electrical stimulation, post-mortem ageing and blade tenderisation on the palatability attributes of beef from young bulls Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Thirty Santa Gertrudis bulls (approximately 15-18 months old) were slaughtered, dressed and split into siides. The right side of each carcass was electrically stimulated (ES) with seventeen impulses (1·8s impulse duration; 1·8s interval between impulses) of 550 V (AC) and 5 A while the left side served as a non-stimulated control (not-ES). At 24h post morten, USDA quality and yield grade data were obtained from each side. On the second day post mortem, all sides were fabricated and strip loins, top sirloin butts and ribeyes were obtained from each side for post-mortem ageing and blade tenderisation studies. Steaks were removed after a post-mortem ageing period of 4 or 18 days and before (not-BT) or after blade tenderisation (BT) for sensory panel evaluations or shear force determinations. ES sides had more youthful lean maturity (P < 0·0001), higher marbling (P < 0.·002), higher USDA quality grades (P < 0·0.0001) and finer-textured lean (P < 0·002) than did not-stimulated (not-ES) sides. ES significantly improved (P < 0·05) palatability traits in two of twenty-four comparisons; BT significantly improved palatability traits in twelve of twenty-four comparisons and 18-day post-mortem ageing significantly improved palatability traits in seven of twelve comparisons. No significant reductions (P < 0·05) in shear force values were observed for steaks from ES versus not-ES sides while significant reductions (P < 0·05) were observed for steaks from BT versus non-BT cuts (four of six comparisons) and for steaks from cuts aged for 18 versus 4 days (ten of twelve comparisons). BT and 18-day post-mortem ageing were more effective for increasing palatability or for decreasing shear force requirements than was ES; however, ES greatly improved lean colour of meat from bulls.

author list (cited authors)

  • Savell, J. W., McKeith, F. K., Murphey, C. E., Smith, G. C., & Carpenter, Z. L.

citation count

  • 23

complete list of authors

  • Savell, JW||McKeith, FK||Murphey, CE||Smith, GC||Carpenter, ZL

publication date

  • February 1982