Response to dietary fat and cholesterol in young adult boars genetically selected for high or low plasma cholesterol
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Twenty-eight young adult boars (age 7 to 8 mo) genetically selected for four generations for high (HG) or low (LG) plasma cholesterol were studied to assess dietary and genetic effects and their interactions on cholesterol metabolism. Boars within a genetic group were paired according to their plasma cholesterol concentration at 8 wk of age and were fed for 15 wk (2.7 kg/d) one of two diets (16.5% fat and 1,156 mg of cholesterol/kg diet, HD; or 3.1% fat and 0 cholesterol diet, LD) in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Plasma total cholesterol (P < .01) and HDL-cholesterol (P < .01) concentrations were higher in boars fed HS (P < .01) and in HG boars (P < .01). There was a trend toward a diet x genotype interaction for plasma HDL-cholesterol (P < .06). Plasma insulin concentration tended to be lower in boars fed HD (P < .09) or HG boars (P < .10). There was a diet x genotype interaction for plasma glucagon (P < .04) concentration and a trend toward an interaction for insulin (P < .07). After 15 wk, all boars were killed by electrocution and exsanguination and measurements were taken. Backfat thickness was greater (P < .01) and carcass length (P < .01) and weights of the four lean cuts (P < .02) were lower in LG than in HG boars. No microscopic atherosclerotic plaques were observed in aorta or coronary arteries. Cholesterol concentration in subcutaneous fat was lower (P < .04) in LG boars, suggesting that cholesterol content of depot fat can be reduced by genetic selection in swine.
author list (cited authors)
Lu, C. D., Pond, W. G., Mersmann, H. J., Su, D. R., Krook, L., Harris, J. J., & Savell, J. W.
complete list of authors
Lu, CD||Pond, WG||Mersmann, HJ||Su, DR||Krook, L||Harris, JJ||Savell, JW