Assessing accumulation (growth and internal mobility) of Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 in fresh-cut cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.) for optimization of decontamination strategies
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Fresh cantaloupe flesh has intercellular spaces, which may be the route for internalization of gram-negative bacteria. Growth of Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 was described by the Baranyi growth model, while and exponential decay function predicted the internalization of bacteria in the cantaloupe flesh. A population of 4.02. logs (CFU/g) was verified at the 50-mm depth after 30 h at room temperature (23 C). The average maximum growth rate was 0.21 0.04. log (CFU/g)/h, the initial population density decreased with increased depth and ranged from 1.75 to 3.39. logs (CFU/g), and the lag phase increased with increased depth and varied from 7.05 to 12.50 h. Bacterial internalization up to 20-mm deep occurred after 10 h with a final bacterial load of 2.84. logs, and a load of 2.64. logs at the 50-mm depth after 15 h at 23 C. After 10-30 h after invasion of fresh produce, S. Typhimurium LT2 may grow to infectious dose levels at the site of contamination.Microscopic analysis of cylinders of cantaloupe flesh (19.05 mm diameter and 50 mm length) inoculated with S. Typhimurium LT2 showed that the bacteria was located in internal mesocarp tissues up to a depth of 50-mm. Hence, the bacteria are capable of migrating to surrounding internal mesocarp tissues, rendering conventional surface decontamination processes deficient. These results may prove useful in design of targeted irradiation treatments to decontaminate internalized pathogens, since exposure of microorganisms to sub-lethal doses can increase the pathogen's resistance to ionizing radiation. 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
author list (cited authors)
Chimbombi, E., Moreira, R. G., Castell-Perez, E. M., & Puerta-Gomez, A. F.
complete list of authors
Chimbombi, Ezekiel||Moreira, Rosana G||Castell-Perez, Elena M||Puerta-Gomez, Alex F