Operational Analysis to Establish Guidelines for Designing Auxiliary Lanes on Frontage Roads Academic Article uri icon


  • Auxiliary lanes (ALs) provide significant operational benefits by spreading merging or weaving movements over a long distance or by providing an extra lane of capacity through a freeway bottleneck or signalized intersection. However, if ALs are not long enough, they may produce merge bottlenecks and queue spillbacks onto the main lanes of the freeway or arterial, creating operational and safety concerns. While there is literature or guidance for ALs on freeways, there is minimal design guidance for ALs on frontage roads. This study systematically examines various design elements of ALs on frontage roads and the design parameters that influence these design elements by leveraging microsimulation. The key purpose of this study is to develop recommendations for the length of ALs in six common frontage road design configurations based on the selected nine design parameters. More than 3,000 simulation runs were performed to develop and compare guidance with the existing design manuals. The results reveal new insights that would complement existing design guidance.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Sharma, S., Anderson, P., Tsapakis, I., & Venglar, S.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Sharma, Sushant||Anderson, Paul||Tsapakis, Ioannis||Venglar, Steve

publication date

  • 2023