1,25-(OH)2D3 protects Schwann cells against advanced glycation end products-induced apoptosis through PKA-NF-B pathway. Academic Article uri icon


  • AIMS: To explore the effect and mechanism of 1, 25-(OH)2D3 on Schwann cell apoptosis induced by advanced glycation end products. MAIN METHODS: Schwann cells, isolated from rodent sciatic nerve were incubated with AGE-modified bovine serum albumin(AGE) to mimic diabetic conditions and 1,25-(OH)2D3 was used as protector. Cell apoptosis was detected by PI/Annexin-V staining, caspase 3 activity assay and western blotting for caspase 3 and PARP. The activation of protein kinase A (PKA) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-B) was evaluated by western blot. Immunofluorescent staining was used for intercellular location of NF-B. Cytokine secretion was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. KEY FINDINGS: Schwann cell apoptosis accelerated after incubating with AGE. However, if combining 1,25-(OH)2D3 with AGE, apoptosis decreased significantly. 1,25-(OH)2D3 enhanced PKA activity, but inhibited AGE-induced nuclear translocation of NF-B. Furthermore, PKA activator (8-bromoadenoside cyclic adenoside monophosphate, 8-Br-cAMP) or NF-B inhibitor (caffeic acid phenethyl ester, CAPE) could reduce the apoptosis, decreased cleaved caspase 3 and cleaved PARP, suggesting the involvement of PKA and NF-B pathways in the protection of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on Schwann cells. Moreover, 8-Br-cAMP and CAPE could inhibit AGE-induced secretion of interleukin(IL)-1, prostaglandin E2(PEG2) and cyclooxygenase 2(COX2). Interestingly, 8-Br-cAMP decreased phospho-NF-B and inhibited nucleus translocation of NF-B. It hinted at the regulation of PKA to NF-B. Finally, a pre-treatment of H-89 (an inhibitor of PKA) could block the protection of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on cell apoptosis. In conclusion, 1,25-(OH)2D3 could protect Schwann cell against AGE-induced apoptosis through PKA/NF-B pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings provide experimental rationales for using vitamin D for diabetic neuropathy.

published proceedings

  • Life Sci

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Xu, S., Li, J., Zhai, M., Yao, X., Liu, H., Deng, T., ... Peng, L.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Xu, Shiqing||Li, Jing||Zhai, Min||Yao, Xiaoqi||Liu, Honglin||Deng, Tingting||Cai, Hanqing||Zhang, Wan||Zhang, Wenjian||Lou, Jinning||Peng, Liang

publication date

  • May 2019