Generality of the prerequisite of conidium attachment to a hydrophobic substratum as a signal for germination among Phyllosticta species. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • It has been shown that conidia of Phyllosticta ampelicida require attachment to a substratum to initiate germination. Furthermore this attachment occurs only on hydrophobic surfaces. This study was initiated to ascertain the breadth of this phenomenon among other species of the genus Phyllosticta. We tested 23 isolates of Phyllosticta representing at least 14 named species. These isolates were collected from North America, Asia and Africa. For 22 of the 23 isolates tested spore attachment occurred at a rate of 60-100% on hydrophobic polystyrene but at 0-5% on hydrophilic polystyrene. The one exception to the preference for a hydrophobic substratum for attachment was an unnamed species of Phyllosticta from Rhus glauca that attached less than 10% on either surface. A similar response was observed when assaying germination and appressorium formation for 17 isolates. Germination and appressorium formation for these isolates proceeded on hydrophobic polystyrene but not on nutrient agar, which is hydrophilic. In five of the tested isolates germination was high on both hydrophobic polystyrene and hydrophilic nutrient media. The isolate from Rhus glauca did not germinate appreciably on either surface. Taken together these results suggest that the requirement for conidium contact/attachment to trigger germination is pervasive to the genus Phyllosticta.

published proceedings

  • Mycologia

author list (cited authors)

  • Shaw, B. D., Carroll, G. C., & Hoch, H. C.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Shaw, BD||Carroll, GC||Hoch, HC

publication date

  • March 2006