Crystallization of rat cellular retinol binding protein II. Preliminary X-ray data obtained from the apoprotein expressed in Escherichia coli. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Rat cellular retinol-binding protein II (CRBP II) is a member of a family of cytoplasmic proteins which bind hydrophobic ligands. CRBP II is thought to participate in the intestinal absorption and intracellular metabolism of retinoids. We have previously described the crystallization of a homologous rat intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) isolated from Escherichia coli containing a suitably constructed prokaryotic expression vector (Sacchettini, J. C., Meininger, T. A., Lowe, J. B., Gordon, J. I., and Banaszak, L. J., J. Biol. Chem. 262, 5428-5430). We have now efficiently expressed rat CRBP II in E. coli. The E. coli-derived protein, which does not contain any bound retinoid, has been purified and crystals grown from solutions of polyethylene glycol 4000. Crystals of apo-CRBP II are triclinic, space group P1, a = 36.8 A, b = 64.0 A, c = 30.4 A; alpha = 92.8 degrees, beta = 113.5 degrees, gamma = 90.1 degrees. Each unit cell contains two molecules of the 134-residue apoprotein. X-ray diffraction data suggest that the unit cell parameters of crystalline apo-CRBP II resemble those of I-FABP. Comparison of the tertiary structures of E. coli-derived rat I-FABP and CRBP II should provide insights about how these proteins evolved to bind different hydrophobic ligands.

author list (cited authors)

  • Sacchettini, J. C., Stockhausen, D., Li, E., Banaszak, L. J., & Gordon, J. I.

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Sacchettini, JC||Stockhausen, D||Li, E||Banaszak, LJ||Gordon, JI

publication date

  • November 1987