Locations and functional roles of conserved lysine residues in Salmonella typhimurium orotate phosphoribosyltransferase. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Salmonella typhimurium orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRTase) catalyzes the formation of orotidine 5'-monophosphate (OMP) from orotate and alpha-D-5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP). There are five highly conserved lysine residues (Lys-19, -26, -73, -100, and -103) in S. typhimurium OPRTase. Here, we report the results of mutagenesis and substrate analog studies to investigate the functional roles of these lysines. Together with information from X-ray crystallography [Scapin, G., Grubmeyer, C., & Sacchettini, J. C. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 1287-1294; Scapin, G., Ozturk, D. H., Grubmeyer, C., & Sacchettini, J. C. (1995) Biochemistry 34, 10744-10754], sequence comparisons, and chemical modification [Grubmeyer, C., Segura, E., & Dorfman, R. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 20299-20304], this work permits the assignment of functions of the five conserved lysines. Lys-19 is external to the active site, and its mutation to glutamine had little effect on enzyme activity. Lys-26 forms a hydrogen bond to OMP at the 3'-hydroxyl group, and its mutation produced 3-10-fold decreases in kcat. Lys-73 extends into the active site, and a conformational change allows it to interact with either the 5'-phosphate of OMP or the 2-hydroxyl and alpha-phosphoryl oxygen of PRPP in their respective substrate complexes. Mutation of Lys-73 produced a 50-100-fold decrease in kcat and an 8-12-fold increase in the KM value for PRPP. Mutation of Lys-100 produced a 5-fold decrease in kcat and a 3-fold increase in the KM for PRPP, consistent with its location within the active site, near the pyrophosphate moiety of PRPP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

author list (cited authors)

  • Ozturk, D. H., Dorfman, R. H., Scapin, G., Sacchettini, J. C., & Grubmeyer, C.

citation count

  • 27

complete list of authors

  • Ozturk, DH||Dorfman, RH||Scapin, G||Sacchettini, JC||Grubmeyer, C

publication date

  • August 1995