High-resolution FISH mapping of β-defensin genes to river buffalo and sheep chromosomes suggests a chromosome discrepancy in cattle standard karyotypes
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High-resolution chromosomal fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and R-banding allowed the chromosomal localization of the beta-defensin gene cluster (DEFB@) to chromosome band 1p12 in the river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis, 2n = 50) and to band 24q13 in sheep (Ovis aries, 2n = 54), according to standard nomenclatures. The localizations permitted the tentative assignment of the entire bovine syntenic group U25 to these chromosomes. A FISH mapping control on cattle chromosomes confirmed the localization of DEFB@ in the homoeologous chromosome and chromosome band. Comparisons were made between river buffalo chromosome 1p and the homoeologous cattle chromosome on standard karyotypes; the results are discussed in light of gene assignments, extensive chromosome band conservation among the Bovidae, and inconsistencies in domestic cattle chromosome nomenclatures.
author list (cited authors)
lannuzzi, L., Gallagher, D. S., Di Meo, G. P., Diamond, G., Bevins, C. L., & Womack, J. E.