Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction by benzo[a]anthracene: regulatory gene localized to the distal portion of mouse chromosome 17. Academic Article uri icon


  • Aryl hydrocarbon (benzo[a]pyrene) hydroxylase inducibility by benzo[a]anthracene was studied in 29 somatic cell hybrid clones, developed by fusing mouse spleen or peritoneal cells from four different inbred strains with hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient Chinese hamster E36 cells. Karyotype analysis plus 25 markers assigned to 16 autosomes and the X chromosome were examined. In 28 of the 29 clones, the presence or absence of inducibility is associated with the presence or absence, respectively, of mouse chromosome 17. Liver microsomal aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction by 3-methylcholanthrene or benzo[a]anthracene was assessed in appropriate backcrosses with the Mus musculus molossinus, M. m. castaneus, MOR/Cv, PL/J, SM/J and DBA/2J inbred strains and in 13 NX8 recombinant inbred lines. Twenty-seven biochemical genetic markers representing all but four autosomes were tested for possible linkage with the hydroxylase inducibility, and no linkage was found. The hepatic Ah receptor was quantitated in 26 BXD recombinant inbred lines; the Ah phenotype did not match exactly any of the more than 70 genes with established strain distribution patterns representing 12 autosomes and at least five unlinked markers. It is concluded that a major gene controlling aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase inducibility by benzo[a]anthracene is located on chromosome 17. Because there is no significant linkage with any of three biochemical markers in the upper third of the chromosome, we conclude that the inducibility gene is located in the distal 40% of mouse chromosome 17. Whether this trait represents the Ah locus, i.e., the gene encoding the cytosolic Ah receptor, will require further study.

published proceedings

  • Genetics

author list (cited authors)

  • Legraverend, C., Krenlampi, S. O., Bigelow, S. W., Lalley, P. A., Kozak, C. A., Womack, J. E., & Nebert, D. W.

citation count

  • 24

complete list of authors

  • Legraverend, C||K√§renlampi, SO||Bigelow, SW||Lalley, PA||Kozak, CA||Womack, JE||Nebert, DW

publication date

  • July 1984