Composition of mouse peritoneal macrophage phospholipid molecular species. Academic Article uri icon


  • The individual molecular species composition of diacyl, alkylacyl and alkenylacyl glycerophospholipids was determined in mouse peritoneal macrophages. A marked heterogeneity in the relative composition (mol%) of macrophage ether and ester phospholipid individual species was noted. High concentrations of 16:0-20:4 were found in ether phospholipids such as alkenylacyl glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE; 27.5 mol%) and alkylacyl glycerophosphocholine (GPC; 16.6%) as compared to mol% levels of 16:0-20:4 in diacyl GPE (5.7%) and diacyl GPC (8.1%), respectively. Interestingly, alkenylacyl GPE was highly enriched in 1-ether (16:0) relative to alkylacyl GPC. The predominant diacyl molecular species in glycerophosphoinositol (GPI) and glycerophosphoserine (GPS) were 18:0-20:4 (59.1%) and 16:0-18:1 (41.1%), respectively. It is noteworthy that the level of 18:0-20:4 was several times higher in diacyl GPI (59.1%) than in diacyl GPS (11.1%), diacyl GPE (25.7%), and diacyl GPC (3.7%). The most abundant molecular species in diacyl GPC and diacyl GPE were 16:0-18:1 (29.9%) and 18:0-20:4 (25.7%), respectively. The abundance of 20:4 in ether phospholipids, specifically 16:0-20:4 and 18:0-20:4, in alkylacyl GPC is significant in view of the role these antecedents play in the biosynthesis of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and 20:4-derived eicosanoids in stimulated macrophages. The unique molecular species composition of the peritoneal macrophage distinguishes this cell type from others.

published proceedings

  • Lipids

author list (cited authors)

  • Akoh, C. C., & Chapkin, R. S.

citation count

  • 27

complete list of authors

  • Akoh, CC||Chapkin, RS

publication date

  • October 1990