Influence of dietary n-3 fatty acids on macrophage glycerophospholipid molecular species and peptidoleukotriene synthesis. Academic Article uri icon


  • The study examined the ability of dietary n-3 fatty acids to modify mouse peritoneal macrophage glycerophospholipid molecular species and peptidoleukotriene synthesis. After a 2-week feeding period, fish versus corn oil feeding significantly (P less than 0.01) lowered n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) mol % levels, i.e., arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) in diacylphosphatidylserine (PtdSer), diacylphosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), diacylglycerophosphoethanolamine (PtdEtn), alkenylacylglycerophosphoethanolamine (PlsEtn), and diacylglycerophosphocholine (PtdCho). A notable exception was alkylacylglycerophosphocholine (PakCho), where only moderate decreases in 16:0-20:4n-6 and 18:0-20:4n-6 species were observed after fish oil supplementation. The predominant n-3 PUFA in macrophage phospholipid subclasses was docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3). The major n-3 species were 18:0-22:5n-3 in PtdIns, PtdSer, glycerophosphoethanolamines (EtnGpl) and 16:0-22:5n-3 in PtdCho and PlsEtn. The major n-3-containing species in PakCho were 16:0-20:5n-3 and 18:1-22:6n-3. These findings indicate that n-3 PUFA are differentially incorporated into macrophage phospholipid subclasses after dietary fish oil supplementation, and suggest that phospholipid remodeling enzymes selectively discriminate between substrates based on compatibility of sn-1 covalent linkage and the composition of the sn-1 and sn-2 aliphatic chains. Macrophage peptidoleukotriene synthesis was also strongly influenced after fish oil feeding; the LTC5/LTC4 ratio was significantly higher (P less than 0.01) in fish oil-fed animals than in corn oil-fed animals, 0.85 versus 0.01, respectively. These ratios were subsequently compared to phospholipid molecular species 20:5n-3/20:4n-6 ratios in order to determine potential sources of eicosanoid precursors.

published proceedings

  • J Lipid Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Chapkin, R. S., Akoh, C. C., & Miller, C. C.

citation count

  • 71

complete list of authors

  • Chapkin, RS||Akoh, CC||Miller, CC

publication date

  • July 1991