Antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric bacteria recovered from feedlot cattle administered chlortetracycline in feed.
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate administration of chlortetracycline in feed of cattle as a method to select for tetracycline resistance among enteric bacteria in feedlot settings. ANIMALS: 20 steers. PROCEDURES: Steers were randomly assigned to an exposed cohort (n = 10) or an unexposed cohort (control cohort; 10). Chlortetracycline (22 mg/kg) in cottonseed meal was administered to the exposed cohort on days 0 through 4, 6 through 10, and 12 through 16. The control cohort was administered only cottonseed meal. Fecal samples were collected from 16 steers on days -7, 0, 2, 6, 8, 12, 14, 19, 22, 26, and 33, and Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp were isolated. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of selected antimicrobials was estimated. RESULTS: Overall, 56.0% and 31.4% of E coli and Enterococcus isolates, respectively, were resistant to tetracycline. Exposure to chlortetracycline was associated with a significant temporary increase in log(2) MIC for both genera but returned to preexposure values by day 33. Averaged across time, the proportion of tetracycline-resistant E coli and Enterococcus isolates was significantly greater in exposed than in unexposed steers. Although all ceftiofur-resistant E coli isolates were coresistant to tetracycline, exposure to chlortetracycline led to a significant decrease in the proportion of E coli resistant to ceftiofur during exposure. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Exposure to chlortetracycline was associated with a temporary increase in the likelihood of recovering resistant bacteria. Exposure to chlortetracycline decreased the likelihood of recovering ceftiofur-resistant E coli isolates, even though isolates were coresistant to tetracycline. These findings warrant further investigation.
author list (cited authors)
Platt, T. M., Loneragan, G. H., Scott, H. M., Norby, B. o., Thomson, D. U., Brown, M. S., Ives, S. E., & Brashears, M. M.
complete list of authors
Platt, Tammy M||Loneragan, Guy H||Scott, H Morgan||Norby, Bo||Thomson, Daniel U||Brown, Michael S||Ives, Samuel E||Brashears, Mindy M