New stable isotope method to measure protein digestibility and response to pancreatic enzyme intake in cystic fibrosis. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adequate protein intake and digestion are necessary to prevent muscle wasting in cystic fibrosis (CF). Accurate and easy-to-use methodology to quantify protein maldigestion is lacking in CF. OBJECTIVE: To measure protein digestibility and the response to pancreatic enzyme intake in CF by using a new stable isotope methodology. DESIGN: In 19 CF and 8 healthy subjects, protein digestibility was quantified during continuous (sip) feeding for 6 h by adding (15)N-labeled spirulina protein and L-[ring-(2)H5]phenylalanine (PHE) to the nutrition and measuring plasma ratio [(15)N]PHE to [(2)H5]PHE. Pancreatic enzymes were ingested after 2 h in CF and the response in protein digestibility was assessed. To exclude difference in mucosal function, postabsorptive whole-body citrulline (CIT) production rate was measured by L-[5-(13)C-5,5-(2)H2]-CIT pulse and blood samples were taken to analyze tracer-tracee ratios. RESULTS: Protein digestibility was severely reduced in the CF group (47% of healthy subjects; P < 0.001). Intake of pancreatic enzymes induced a slow increase in protein digestibility in CF until 90% of values obtained by healthy subjects. Maximal digestibility was reached at 100 min and maintained for 80 min. Stratification into CF children (n = 10) and adults showed comparable values for protein digestibility and similar kinetic responses to pancreatic enzyme intake. Whole-body citrulline production was elevated in CF indicating preserved mucosal function. CONCLUSION: Protein digestibility is severely compromised in patients with CF as measured by this novel and easy-to-use stable isotope approach. Pancreatic enzymes are able to normalize protein digestibility in CF, albeit with a severe delay. Registration ClinicalTrials.gov = NCT01494909.

published proceedings

  • Clin Nutr

altmetric score

  • 3.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Engelen, M., Com, G., Anderson, P. J., & Deutz, N.

citation count

  • 35

complete list of authors

  • Engelen, MPKJ||Com, G||Anderson, PJ||Deutz, NEP

publication date

  • November 2013