Cloning to reproduce desired genotypes. Academic Article uri icon


  • Cloned sheep, cattle, goats, pigs and mice have now been produced using somatic cells for nuclear transplantation. Animal cloning is still very inefficient with on average less than 10% of the cloned embryos transferred resulting in a live offspring. However successful cloning of a variety of different species and by a number of different laboratory groups has generated tremendous interest in reproducing desired genotypes. Some of these specific genotypes represent animal cell lines that have been genetically modified. In other cases there is a significant demand for cloning animals characterized by their inherent genetic value, for example prize livestock, household pets and rare or endangered species. A number of different variables may influence the ability to reproduce a specific genotype by cloning. These include species, source of recipient ova, cell type of nuclei donor, treatment of donor cells prior to nuclear transfer, and the techniques employed for nuclear transfer. At present, there is no solid evidence that suggests cloning will be limited to only a few specific animals, and in fact, most data collected to date suggests cloning will be applicable to a wide variety of different animals. The ability to reproduce any desired genotype by cloning will ultimately depend on the amount of time and resources invested in research.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

altmetric score

  • 9

author list (cited authors)

  • Westhusin, M. E., Long, C. R., Shin, T., Hill, J. R., Looney, C. R., Pryor, J. H., & Piedrahita, J. A.

citation count

  • 50

complete list of authors

  • Westhusin, ME||Long, CR||Shin, T||Hill, JR||Looney, CR||Pryor, JH||Piedrahita, JA

publication date

  • January 2001