Potential for cloning dogs. Academic Article uri icon


  • The aim of this study was to determine whether nuclear transplantation could be used to clone a dog using donor nucleus cells collected from an adult female. Fibroblasts obtained from skin biopsies were fused with enucleated bovine or canine oocytes. The resulting cloned embryos were cultured in vitro to monitor embryonic development. A proportion of the resulting embryos was transferred into surrogate bitches for development to term. When canine oocytes were used as recipient ova for canine fibroblasts, 23% of the resulting embryos cleaved at least once after culture in vitro. Five cloned embryos were transferred into three synchronized recipient bitches, but no pregnancies resulted. When bovine oocytes were used as recipinets for canine fibroblasts, 38% cleaved to the two- to four-cell stage and 43% cleaved to the eight- to 16-cell stage. Forty-seven of these embryos were transferred into four recipient females, resulting in a single conceptus that ceased development at about day 20 of gestation. The desire for cloned dogs is considerable and will undoubtedly incite the development of successful methods for cloning companion animals. However, significant investment into additional research is required, especially in the areas of in vitro maturation of oocytes and control of the oestrous cycle of bitches.

published proceedings

  • J Reprod Fertil Suppl

author list (cited authors)

  • Westhusin, M. E., Burghardt, R. C., Ruglia, J. N., Willingham, L. A., Liu, L., Shin, T., Howe, L. M., & Kraemer, D. C.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Westhusin, ME||Burghardt, RC||Ruglia, JN||Willingham, LA||Liu, L||Shin, T||Howe, LM||Kraemer, DC

publication date

  • January 2001