Physical localization and order of genes in the class I region of the bovine MHC
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Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses were used to order 16 bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) clones containing loci from the bovine lymphocyte antigen (BoLA) class I and III regions of bovine chromosome 23 (BTA23). Fourteen of these BACs were assigned to chromosomal band locations of mitotic and pachytene chromosomes by single- and dual-colour FISH. Dual-colour FISH confirmed that class II DYA is proximal to and separated from BoLA class I genes by approximately three chromosome bands. The FISH results showed that tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFA), heat shock protein 70 (HSP70.1) and 21 steroid dehydrogenase (CYP21) are closely linked in the region of BTA23 band 22 along with BoLA class I genes, and that male enhanced antigen (MEA) mapped between DYA and the CYP21/TNFA/HSP70.1 gene region. All BAC clones containing BoLA class I genes mapped distal to CYP21/TNFA/HSP70.1 and centromeric to prolactin (PRL). Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) was shown to be imbedded within the BoLA class I gene cluster. The cytogenetic data confirmed that the disrupted distribution of BoLA genes is most likely the result of a single large chromosomal inversion. Similar FISH results were obtained when BoLA DYA and class I BAC clones were mapped to discrete chromosomal locations on the BTA homologue in white-tailed deer, suggesting that this chromosomal inversion predates divergence of the advanced ruminant families from a common ancestor.
author list (cited authors)
McShane, R. D., Gallagher, D. S., Newkirk, H., Taylor, J. F., Burzlaff, J. D., Davis, S. K., & Skow, L. C.
complete list of authors
McShane, RD||Gallagher, DS||Newkirk, H||Taylor, JF||Burzlaff, JD||Davis, SK||Skow, LC