Linkage of the gene for equine combined immunodeficiency disease to microsatellite markers HTG8 and HTG4; synteny and FISH mapping to ECA9
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Equine combined immunodeficiency disease (CID) is caused by homozygosity for an autosomal recessive gene. To identify linked markers for the disease, we studied a family segregating for the equine CID gene. A stallion and 19 of his CID-affected offspring were tested for marker segregation at 23 microsatellite DNA loci. His CID-affected offspring inherited only one of his two alleles at the HTG8 and HTG4 loci, namely HTG8-186 and HTG4-124, respectively. Lod scores for linkage to the CID gene using a theta of 0.01 were 5.34 for HTG8 and 2.37 for HTG4. The apparent genotypes also suggested linkage disequilibrium between the HTG8-186 allele and the gene for CID. The gene for the DNA protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PK) was recently suggested as a candidate gene for equine CID. A defect of this gene causes a disease in mice that is similar to equine CID. Therefore, we investigated whether this gene might be associated with the microsatellite markers. Analysis of a somatic cell hybrid panel demonstrated synteny of DNA-PK with HTG4 and HTG8 (Kentucky Synteny Group 3). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies demonstrated that DNA-PK is located on horse chromosome ECA9p12. This work supports the hypothesis of DNA-PK as the probable cause of equine CID.
author list (cited authors)
Bailey, E., Reid, R. C., Lear, T. L., Skow, L. C., Mathiason, K., & McGuire, T. C.
complete list of authors
Bailey, E||Reid, RC||Skow, LC||Mathiason, K||Lear, TL||McGuire, TC