Vibronics and plasmonics based graphene sensors. Academic Article uri icon


  • A high sensitivity and selectivity sensor is proposed using graphene ribbons which are able to read molecular vibrations and molecular electrostatic potentials, acting as an amplifier and as a transducer converting molecular signals into current-voltage quantities of standard electronics. Two sensing mechanisms are used to demonstrate the concept using ab initio density functional methods. By using the terahertz region of the spectrum, we can characterize modes when single molecules are adsorbed on the ribbon surface. Characteristic modes can be obtained and used as fingerprints, which can be transduced into current by applying a voltage along the ribbons. On the other hand, the fully delocalized frontier molecular orbitals of graphene ribbons, commonly denominated plasmons in larger solid state structures, are extremely sensitive to any moiety approach; once plasmons are in contact with an "agent" (actually its molecular potential), the transport through the ribbons acting as electrodes catching the signals is strongly affected.

published proceedings

  • J Chem Phys

author list (cited authors)

  • Rangel, N. L., & Seminario, J. M.

citation count

  • 48

complete list of authors

  • Rangel, Norma L||Seminario, Jorge M

publication date

  • March 2010