Metal-ion effects on the polarization of metal-bound water and infrared vibrational modes of the coordinated metal center of Mycobacterium tuberculosis pyrazinamidase via quantum mechanical calculations. Academic Article uri icon


  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis pyrazinamidase (PZAse) is a key enzyme to activate the pro-drug pyrazinamide (PZA). PZAse is a metalloenzyme that coordinates in vitro different divalent metal cofactors in the metal coordination site (MCS). Several metals including Co(2+), Mn(2+), and Zn(2+) are able to reactivate the metal-depleted PZAse in vitro. We use quantum mechanical calculations to investigate the Zn(2+), Fe(2+), and Mn(2+) metal cofactor effects on the local MCS structure, metal-ligand or metal-residue binding energy, and charge distribution. Results suggest that the major metal-dependent changes occur in the metal-ligand binding energy and charge distribution. Zn(2+) shows the highest binding energy to the ligands (residues). In addition, Zn(2+) and Mn(2+) within the PZAse MCS highly polarize the O-H bond of coordinated water molecules in comparison with Fe(2+). This suggests that the coordination of Zn(2+) or Mn(2+) to the PZAse protein facilitates the deprotonation of coordinated water to generate a nucleophile for catalysis as in carboxypeptidase A. Because metal ion binding is relevant to enzymatic reaction, identification of the metal binding event is important. The infrared vibrational mode shift of the CN (His) bond from the M. tuberculosis MCS is the best IR probe to metal complexation.

published proceedings

  • J Phys Chem B

author list (cited authors)

  • Salazar-Salinas, K., Baldera-Aguayo, P. A., Encomendero-Risco, J. J., Orihuela, M., Sheen, P., Seminario, J. M., & Zimic, M.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • Salazar-Salinas, Karim||Baldera-Aguayo, Pedro A||Encomendero-Risco, Jimy J||Orihuela, Melvin||Sheen, Patricia||Seminario, Jorge M||Zimic, Mirko

publication date

  • August 2014