Wind Integration in Power Systems: Operational Challenges and Possible Solutions
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This paper surveys major technical challenges for power system operations in support of large-scale wind energy integration. The fundamental difficulties of integrating wind power arise from its high inter-temporal variation and limited predictability. The impact of wind power integration is mani-fested in, but not limited to, scheduling, frequency regulations, and system stabilization requirements. Possible alternatives are suggested for a more reliable and cost-effective power system operation. New computationally efficient methods for improving system performances by using prediction and operational interdependencies over different time horizons remain critical open research problems. 2011 IEEE
author list (cited authors)
Xie, L. e., Carvalho, P., Ferreira, L., Liu, J., Krogh, B. H., Popli, N., & Ilic, M. D.
complete list of authors
Carvalho, Pedro MS||Ferreira, Luis AFM||Krogh, Bruce H||Popli, Nipun||Ilić, Marija D