Wind Integration in Power Systems: Operational Challenges and Possible Solutions
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This paper surveys major technical challenges for power system operations in support of large-scale wind energy integration. The fundamental difficulties of integrating wind power arise from its high inter-temporal variation and limited predictability. The impact of wind power integration is mani-fested in, but not limited to, scheduling, frequency regulations, and system stabilization requirements. Possible alternatives are suggested for a more reliable and cost-effective power system operation. New computationally efficient methods for improving system performances by using prediction and operational interdependencies over different time horizons remain critical open research problems. © 2011 IEEE
author list (cited authors)
Xie, L. e., Carvalho, P., Ferreira, L., Liu, J., Krogh, B. H., Popli, N., & Ilic, M. D.