Understanding the internal processes of behavioral engagement in a national park: A latent variable path analysis of the value-belief-norm theory Academic Article uri icon


  • Theoretical advances in research on the antecedents of human behavior have offered promising explanations for why people choose to undertake environmentally friendly action. This investigation provides further insight on the psychological processes driving self-reported behavioral engagement among visitors to Channel Islands National Park in the United States. We used latent variable structural equation modeling to test the hypothesized structure stipulated by the value-belief-norm (VBN) theory of environmentalism. Biospheric-altruistic values geared toward non-human species and concern for other people positively predicted environmental worldview and pro-environmental behavior, whereas egoistic values negatively influenced moral norm activation. Consistent with previous research, findings also showed that belief structures and personal moral norms gave rise to conservation behaviors reported by visitors to the park. © 2014.

author list (cited authors)

  • van Riper, C. J., & Kyle, G. T.

citation count

  • 155

publication date

  • June 2014