Case report: Hemangioblastoma in the brainstem of a dog. Academic Article uri icon


  • A 3-year-old castrated male, American Pit Bull Terrier presented to Texas A&M University due to a 3-week mixed cerebellar and general proprioceptive ataxia, circling, head tilt, and dull mentation. Neurologic examination revealed signs of vestibular and mesencephalic dysfunction. Postmortem examination revealed a 1.1 1 0.8-cm, soft, dark red, well-circumscribed, left-sided mass, extending from the crus cerebri of the midbrain caudally to the pons. Microscopically, the neoplasm was composed of a spindle-shaped interstitial population of cells interspersed between a prominent capillary network, consistent with the reticular pattern of hemangioblastoma. Interstitial cells had strong, diffuse, intracytoplasmic immunolabeling for neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and were variably positive for intracytoplasmic glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Vascular endothelial cells had strong diffuse, intracytoplasmic immunolabeling for von Willebrand factor (VWF) glycoprotein. To date, only six cases of hemangioblastoma have been reported in canines, five in the spinal cord, and one in the rostral cerebrum. Our case may represent the first canine hemangioblastoma localized to the brainstem.

published proceedings

  • Front Vet Sci

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Landsgaard, K., St Jean, S., Lovell, S., Levine, J., Gremillion, C., Summers, B., & Rech, R. R.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Landsgaard, Kirsten||St Jean, Samantha||Lovell, Stephanie||Levine, Jonathan||Gremillion, Christine||Summers, Brian||Rech, Raquel R

publication date

  • January 2023