Modeling and vector control of planar magnetic levitator Academic Article uri icon


  • We designed and implemented a magnetically levitated stage with large planar motion capability. This planar magnetic levitator employs four novel permanent-magnet linear motors. Each motor generates vertical force for suspension against gravity, as well as horizontal force for drive. These linear levitation motors can be used as building blocks in the general class of multi-degree-of-freedom motion stages. In this paper, we discuss electromechanical modeling and real-time vector control of such a permanent-magnet levitator. We describe the dynamics in a dq frame introduced to decouple the forces acting on the magnetically levitated moving part, namely, the platen. A transformation similar to the Blondel-Park transformation is derived for commutation of the stator phase currents. We provide test results on step responses of the magnetically levitated stage. It shows 5-nm rms positioning noise in x and y, which demonstrates the applicability of such stages in the next-generation photolithography in semiconductor manufacturing. © 1998 IEEE.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Kim, W., Trumper, D. L., & Lang, J. H.

citation count

  • 109

publication date

  • January 1998