Nanoscale dynamics, stochastic modeling, and multivariable control of a planar magnetic levitator
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This paper presents a high-precision magnetically levitated (maglev) stage to meet demanding motion specifications in the next-generation precision manufacturing and nanotechnology. Characterization of dynamic behaviors of such a motion stage is a crucial task. In this paper, we address the issues related to the stochastic modeling of the stage including transfer function identification, and noise/disturbance analysis and prediction. Provided are test results on precision dynamics, such as fine settling, effect of optical table oscillation, and position ripple. To deal with the dynamic coupling in the platen, we designed and implemented a multivariable linear quadratic regulator, and performed time-optimal control. We demonstrated how the performance of the current maglev stage can be improved with these analyses and experimental results. The maglev stage operates with positioning noise of 5 nm rms in x and y, acceleration capabilities in excess of 2g(20 m/s2), and closed-loop crossover frequency of 100 Hz.
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