Shock-tube study of the ignition of multi-component syngas mixtures with and without ammonia impurities Academic Article uri icon


  • Ignition delay times have been measured behind reflected shock waves at 1.5, 12 and 30 atm for a mixture representative of a syngas produced from biomass (0.29659% CO/0.29659% H2/0.15748% CO2/0.08924% CH4/0.20997% H2O/0.95013% O2 in 98% Ar (mol.%)) and for the same biomass-derived syngas mixture doped with 200 ppm of NH 3. The importance of the various constituents on the ignition delay time was investigated by comparing the results with data from various baseline mixtures (H2/O2/Ar, H2/CO/O2/Ar and H2/CO/O2/Ar with one of the other constituent of the syngas (i.e. CO2, H2O, CH4 or NH3)). The equivalence ratio was set to 0.5 during this study. Several recent detailed kinetics mechanisms from the literature were computed against these data, with fair agreement. Results showed that the mixture composition can have an important effect on the ignition delay time, with most of the effect being due to CH4 addition through the reaction CH4 + OH CH3 + H2O. The ammonia impurity had very little effect on the ignition delay time over the range of conditions studied. 2012 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Mathieu, O., Kopp, M. M., & Petersen, E. L.

citation count

  • 54

complete list of authors

  • Mathieu, O||Kopp, MM||Petersen, EL

publication date

  • January 2013