Ignition delay times, laminar flame speeds, and mechanism validation for natural gas/hydrogen blends at elevated pressures Academic Article uri icon


  • New experimental ignition delay time data measured in both a shock tube and in a rapid compression machine were taken to determine the increase in reactivity due to the addition of hydrogen to mixtures of methane and natural gas. Test conditions were determined using a statistical design of experiments approach which allows the experimenter to probe a wide range of variable factors with a comparatively low number of experimental trials. Experiments were performed at 1, 10, and 30atm in the temperature range 850-1800K, at equivalence ratios of 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0 and with dilutions ranging from 72% to 90% by volume. Pure methane- and hydrogen-fueled mixtures were prepared in addition to two synthetic 'natural gas'-fueled mixtures comprising methane, ethane, propane, n-butane and n-pentane, one comprising 81.25/10/5/2.5/1.25% while the other consisted of 62.5/20/10/5/2.5% C1 / C2 / C3 / C4 / C5 components to encompass a wide range of possible natural gas compositions. A heated, constant-volume combustion vessel was also utilized to experimentally determine laminar flame speed for the same baseline range of fuels. In this test, a parametric sweep of equivalence ratio, 0.7-1.3, was conducted at each condition, and the hydrogen content was varied from 50% to 90% by volume. The initial temperature and pressure varied from 300 to 450K and 1 to 5atm, respectively. Flame speed experiments conducted above atmospheric pressure utilized a 1:6 oxygen-to-helium ratio to curb the hydrodynamic and thermal instabilities that arise when conducting laminar flame speed experiments. All experiments were simulated using a detailed chemical kinetic model. Overall good agreement is observed between the simulations and the experimental results. A discussion of the important reactions promoting and inhibiting reactivity is included. 2013 The Combustion Institute.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Donohoe, N., Heufer, A., Metcalfe, W. K., Curran, H. J., Davis, M. L., Mathieu, O., ... Guethe, F.

citation count

  • 86

complete list of authors

  • Donohoe, Nicola||Heufer, Alexander||Metcalfe, Wayne K||Curran, Henry J||Davis, Marissa L||Mathieu, Olivier||Plichta, Drew||Morones, Anibal||Petersen, Eric L||Guethe, Felix

publication date

  • June 2014