A Mathematical Model for Shear‐Induced Hemolysis
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The time-varying history of stress exposure within a rotary blood pump makes it difficult to arrive at a quantifiable design criterion for predicting cell traumatization. Constant stress experiments have revealed that there is a threshold stress level above which damage to blood cells occurs depending upon the time of exposure. The shear stress history experienced by cells within a rotary blood pump, however, is highly unsteady. In order to better predict cell trauma under these realistic conditions, a mathematical damage model based on a concept of "damage accumulation" has been developed. This model is evaluated within the context of red cell trauma. Experimental results support the hypothesis that the rate of damage accumulation increases nonlinearly with the stress level as well as the age of the cell.
author list (cited authors)
Yeleswarapu, K. K., Antaki, J. F., Kameneva, M. V., & Rajagopal, K. R.