ON A HIERARCHY OF APPROXIMATE MODELS FOR FLOWS OF INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUIDS THROUGH POROUS SOLIDS
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The celebrated equations duo to Fick and Darcy are approximations that can be obtained systematically on the basis of numerous assumptions within the context of mixture theory; the equations however not having been developed in such a manner by Fick or Darcy. Relaxing the assumptions made in deriving these equations via mixture theory selectively leads to a hierarchy of mathematical models and it can be shown that popular models due to Brinkman, Biot and many others can be obtained via various approximations. It is shown that a variety of other generalizations are possible in addition to those that are currently in favor, and these might be appropriate for describing interesting technological applications. © World Scientific Publishing Company.
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