MODELING MATERIALS WITH A STRETCHING THRESHOLD
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We examine the dynamics of materials characterized by the presence of a deformation threshold beyond which no deformation is possible. The class of bodies that we are interested in studying are described by an implicit constitutive relationship between the Cauchy stress and the deformation gradient. A specific one-dimensional dynamical problem is studied, showing that the mathematical model takes the form of a hyperbolic free boundary problem in which the free boundary conditions can be of two different types, selected according to whether the stress is continuous at the interface (separating the deformable region from the fully strained region), or whether it is discontinuous. Both situations have been analyzed. Sample numerical computations are carried out using data that are relevant to biological materials. A comparison with the problem obtained from a limiting procedure for a constitutive model with a piecewise linear elastic response is performed, showing a very interesting feature, namely that the limit does not lead to the solution of the model with a threshold. This is however not surprising as the latter exhibits dissipative behavior. © World Scientific Publishing Company.
author list (cited authors)
FARINA, A., FASANO, A., FUSI, L., & RAJAGOPAL, K. R.