Spherical inflation of a class of compressible elastic bodies
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Using a special model that belongs to a new class of elastic bodies wherein the CauchyGreen stretch is given in terms of the Cauchy stress and its invariants, within the context of the spherical inflation of a spherical annulus, we show that interesting phenomena like the development of stress boundary layers manifest themselves. We consider two cases of boundary value problems, one in which there is a cavity in a sphere and the other in which there is a rigid spherical inclusion in a sphere. We show that in the case of a rigid inclusion, it is possible for a pronounced stress boundary layer to develop, in that the values of the stresses within this boundary layer that is adjacent to a spherical inclusion are much larger than external to it. We also show that in the case of both the cavity and a rigid inclusion, the stress concentration is an order of magnitude higher than the increase in the deformation gradient, that is, the stress and the stretch do not scale in a similar manner. While the stress adjacent to a rigid inclusion can be 2500 times the applied radial stress, the maximum stretch, which occurs at the rigid inclusion is about 10. While the variation in the stresses are linear in thin walled annular regions, we find that in thick walled annular regions, the variation of the stresses is non-linear. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
author list (cited authors)
Rajagopal, K. R., & Saravanan, U.