An experimental investigation into the influence of fillers on the development of normal stresses and stress relaxation in asphalt mixtures due to torsion
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This study documents the measurement of normal stresses and stress relaxation in sand-asphalt mixtures fabricated with different fillers and asphalts during torsion. Hydrated lime and limestone fillers and asphalts graded as PG64-22 and AC-30 (from Sinclair (Wyoming), Crown (Nevada), and Crown (Canada)) are used in the fabrication of the sand-asphalt mixtures. The specimens are tested in a torsional rheometer. The experimental results clearly show that the normal stresses that are developed are quite significant even for specimens tested at very low rotational rates. Also, asphalts from different sources show differences in peak normal stresses and in their relaxation pattern. The measurement of significant normal stresses is a reflection of the nonlinear character of the material and warrants the development of nonlinear constitutive models for describing their behavior. Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.