QTL Analysis of Yield and End-Use Quality Traits in Texas Hard Red Winter Wheat Academic Article uri icon


  • Genetic dissection of complex traits by quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis permits the understanding of the genotypic effects of QTL, interactions between QTLs, and QTL-by-environment interactions in wheat. This study aimed to identify the QTL linked to yield, its components, end-use quality traits including kernel, flour, and dough rheology, and related agronomic traits under dryland and irrigated conditions. A mapping population of 179 F2:6 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from TAM 111/TX05A001822 was evaluated for these traits to investigate their genetic stability and phenotypic plasticity using 2658 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with 35 linkage groups. Traits associated with chromosome regions were detected for individual and across-environment QTL by inclusive composite interval mapping. A total of 30 QTL regions were identified, including 14 consistent QTLs mapped on 11 chromosomes and six pleiotropic QTLs mapped on 5 chromosomes. Three consistent QTLs in chromosomes 1A, 3B, and 6D might be novel. Three major QTLs with both consistent and pleiotropic effects were co-localized with known genes. The first QTL for dough mixing properties was physically clustered around Glu-D1 and had an phenotypic variation explained (PVE) up to 31.3%. The second QTL for kernel-related traits was physically close to the TaCWI-4A (cell wall invertase) gene, which influences the thousand kernel weight, heading date, and harvest index, with a PVE of up to 12.3%. The third QTL, which was colocalized with the TaCWI-5D gene for kernel traits, was identified with a PVE of 6.7%. Epistasis was also detected, but major QTLs were not involved in significant epistasis or interactions with environmental effects. The current study provided new information that is useful for enhanced wheat breeding, which will benefit from the deployment of the favorable alleles for end-use quality, yield, and other agronomic traits in wheat-breeding programs through marker-assisted selection.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Dogan, M., Wang, Z., Cerit, M., Valenzuela-Antelo, J., Dhakal, S., Chu, C., ... Liu, S.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Dogan, Mehmet||Wang, Zhen||Cerit, Mustafa||Valenzuela-Antelo, Jorge LL||Dhakal, Smit||Chu, Chenggen||Xue, Qingwu||Ibrahim, Amir MH||Rudd, Jackie CC||Bernardo, Amy||Amand, Paul St||Bai, Guihua||Zhang, Hongbin||Liu, Shuyu

publication date

  • 2023