Time-dependent response of active composites with thermal, electrical, and mechanical coupling effect
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The mechanical and physical properties of materials change with time. This change can be due to the dissipative characteristic of materials like in viscoelastic bodies and/or due to hostile environmental conditions and electromagnetic fields. We study time-dependent response of active fiber reinforced polymer composites, where the polymer constituent undergoes different viscoelastic deformations at different temperatures, and the electro-mechanical and piezoelectric properties of the active fiber vary with temperatures. A micromechanical model is formulated for predicting effective time-dependent response in active fiber composites with thermal, electrical, and mechanical coupling effects. In this micromechanical model limited information on the local field variables in the fiber and matrix constituents can be incorporated in predicting overall performance of active composites. We compare the time-dependent response of active composites determined from the micromechanical model with those obtained by analyzing the composites with microstructural details. Finite element (FE) is used to analyze the composite with microstructural details which allows quantifying variations of field variables in the constituents of the active composites. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCE
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Muliana, Anastasia||Li, Kuo-An