Deformation in viscoelastic sandwich composites subject to moisture diffusion
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This study analyzes the effect of moisture diffusion on the deformation of viscoelastic sandwich composites, which are composed of orthotropic fiber-reinforced laminated skins and viscoelastic polymeric foam core. It is assumed that the elastic and time-dependent (transient) moduli at any particular location in the foam core depend on the moisture concentration at that location. Sequentially coupled analyses of moisture diffusion and deformation are performed to predict overall performance of the studied viscoelastic sandwich systems. Time and moisture dependent constitutive model is used for the polymer foam core, while skins are assumed linear elastic. The overall time-dependent responses of the sandwich composites subject to moisture diffusion are analyzed using finite element (FE) method. Experimental data available in the literature and analytical solutions are used to support convergence studies in the FE analyses. Contributions of moisture dependent elastic and the time-dependent moduli to the overall stress, strain and displacement field are studied. FE analyses of the delamination between skins and core in sandwich composite under combined moisture diffusion and mechanical loading are also performed. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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