Comparison of 3 Diagnostic Tests for the Detection of Giardia and Cryptosporidium spp. in Asymptomatic Dogs (Canis lupis familiaris). Academic Article uri icon


  • After detecting Giardia and Cryptosporidium infections and coinfections in 2 litters of puppies in our vivarium, our team realized that we needed a simple, quick, and economical point-of-care test for concurrent screening of asymptomatic dogs for both organisms. Periodic screening of colony dogs and of all dogs introduced into a colony can prevent the spread of Giardia and Cryptosporidium to immunologically nave animals and help keep staff safe from these zoonotic organisms. To compare methods for diagnosing Giardia and Cryptosporidium spp. in dogs, we used a convenience sampling of feces from 2 popula- tions of dogs; samples were tested with a lateral-flow assay (QC), a commercially-available direct fluorescent assay (DFA), and an inhouse PCR test using established primers. QC results were analyzed in 2 ways: 1) relative to a reference standard that permitted comparative interpretation of DFA and PCR results; and 2) using Bayesian analysis for comparison independent of a reference standard. The QC test showed good specificity for the detection of Giardia according to both the reference standard (95%) and the Bayesian analysis (98%). Similarly, specificity of the QC for the detection of Cryptosporidium was 95% according to the reference standard and 97% according to Bayesian analysis. However, the sensitivity of the QC test was much lower for both Giardia (reference standard, 38%; Bayesian analysis, 48%) and Cryptosporidium (25% and 40%, respectively). This study demonstrates that the QC test can be used to detect both Giardia and Cryptosporidium in dogs and that positive results can be accepted with confidence, whereas negative tests should be confirmed through secondary testing methods.

published proceedings

  • J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Taylor, L. A., Saleh, M. N., Kneese, E. C., Vemulapalli, T. H., & Verocai, G. G.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Taylor, Loni A||Saleh, Meriam N||Kneese, Eric C||Vemulapalli, Tracy H||Verocai, Guilherme G

publication date

  • March 2023