Searching for resonance states in $^{22}$Ne($p,gamma$)$^{23}$Na Institutional Repository Document uri icon


  • Background: Globular clusters show strong correlations between different elements, such as the well-known sodium-oxygen anticorrelation. One of the main sources of uncertainty in this anticorrelation is the $^{22}$Ne($p,gamma$)$^{23}$Na reaction rate, due to the possible influence of an unobserved resonance state at $E_mathrm{x} = 8862$ keV ($E_mathrm{r, c.m.} = 68$ keV). The influence of two higher-lying resonance states at $E_mathrm{x} = 8894$ and $9000$ keV has already been ruled out by direct $^{22}$Ne($p,gamma$)$^{23}$Na measurementsPurpose: To study excited states in $^{23}$Na above the proton threshold to determine if the unconfirmed resonance states in $^{23}$Na exist. Methods: The non-selective proton inelastic scattering reaction at low energies was used to search for excited states in $^{23}$Na above the proton threshold. Protons scattered from various targets were momentum-analysed in the Q3D magnetic spectrograph at the Maier-Leibnitz Laboratorium, Munich, Germany. Results: The resonance states previously reported at $E_mathrm{x} = 8862$, $8894$ and $9000$ keV in other experiments were not observed in the present experiment at any angle. This result, combined with other non-observations of these resonance states in most other experiments, results in a strong presumption against the existence of these resonance states. Conclusions: The previously reported resonance states at $E_mathrm{x} = 8862$, $8894$ and $9000$ keV are unlikely to exist and should be omitted from future evaluations of the $^{22}$Ne($p,gamma$)$^{23}$Na reaction rates. Indirect studies using low-energy proton inelastic scattering are a simple and yet exceptionally powerful tool in helping to constrain astrophysical reaction rates by providing non-selective information of the excited states of nuclei.

author list (cited authors)

  • Carrasco-Rojas, D. P., Williams, M., Adsley, P., Lamia, L., Bastin, B., Faestermann, T., ... Wirth, H.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Carrasco-Rojas, DP||Williams, M||Adsley, P||Lamia, L||Bastin, B||Faestermann, T||Fougeres, C||Hammache, F||Harrouz, DS||Hertenberger, R||La Cognata, M||Meyer, A||Santos, F de Oliveira||Palmerini, S||Pizzone, RG||Romano, S||de Sereville, N||Tumino, A||Wirth, H-F

Book Title

  • arXiv

publication date

  • February 2023