Effects of exposure to community violence on internalizing symptoms: does desensitization to violence occur in African American youth? Academic Article uri icon


  • The purpose of the current study was to examine the linear and curvilinear associations of exposure to community violence to internalizing symptoms in 251 African American adolescents (mean age=12.86, SD=1.28). Participants reported on exposure to community violence, anxiety symptoms, and depressive symptoms. Regression analyses were used to test the hypotheses and, consistent with predictions, the results indicated that the association between violence and depression was curvilinear; whereas the association to anxiety was linear and positive. The results highlight the importance of considering more complex models of the impact of exposure to community violence on psychological functioning in African American youth from economically-disadvantaged communities.

published proceedings

  • J Abnorm Child Psychol

altmetric score

  • 4

author list (cited authors)

  • Gaylord-Harden, N. K., Cunningham, J. A., & Zelencik, B.

citation count

  • 104

complete list of authors

  • Gaylord-Harden, Noni K||Cunningham, Jamila A||Zelencik, Brett

publication date

  • July 2011