Dynamic Response of Squeeze Film Dampers Operating With Bubbly Mixtures
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Squeeze film dampers (SFDs) aid to attenuate vibrations in compressors and turbines while traversing critical speeds. In actual applications, gas ingestion from the environment may lead to the formation of a foamy lubricant that degrades the rotor/bearing system dynamic performance. Impact and imbalance response tests conducted on a rigid rotor supported on SFDs, and aimed to emulate the pervasive effect of air ingestion into the damper film lands, are reported. Two types of squeeze film damper support the test rotor, one is a conventional cylindrical design with a squirrel cage-type elastic support, and the other is a compact four-pad damper with integral wire EDM elastic supports. Both dampers have identical diameter and radial clearance. Controlled (air in oil) mixtures ranging from pure oil to all air conditions are supplied to the SFDs, and measurements of the transient rotor response to calibrated impact loads are conducted. System damping coefficients, identified from acceleration/load transfer functions, decrease steadily as the air content in the mixture increases. However, measurements of the rotor synchronous imbalance response conducted with a lubricant bubbly mixture (50% air volume) show little difference with test results obtained with pure lubricant supplied to the dampers. The experimental results show that air entrainment is process and device-dependent, and that small amounts of lubricant enable the effective action of SFDs when the rotor traverses a critical speed.
author list (cited authors)
San Andres, L., & De Santiago, O. C.