High resolution spatially extended 1D laser scattering diagnostics using volume Bragg grating notch filters. Academic Article uri icon


  • Laser light scattering systems with volume Bragg grating (VBG) filters, which act as spectral/angular filters, have often been used as a point measurement technique, with spatial resolution as low as a few hundred m, defined by the beam waist. In this work, we demonstrate how VBG filters can be leveraged for spatially resolved measurements with several m resolution over a few millimeters along the beam propagation axis. The rejection ring, as determined by the angular acceptance criteria of the filter, is derived analytically, and the use of the ring for 1D laser line rejection is explained. For the example cases presented,i.e., for a focused probe beam waist with a diameter of 150 m, the rejection ring can provide resolution up to several millimeter length along the beam propagation axis for a 1D measurement, which is also tunable. Additionally, methods to further extend the measurable region are proposed and demonstrated, using a collimation lens with a different focal length or using multiple VBG filters. The latter case can minimize the scattering signal loss, without the tradeoff of the solid angle. Such use of multiple VBGs is to extend the measurable region along the beam axis, which differs from the commonly known application of multiple filters, to improve the suppression of elastic interferences. 1D rotational Raman and Thomson scattering measurements are carried out on pulsed and DC discharges to verify this method. The system features compactness, simple implementation, high throughput, and flexibility, to accommodate various experimental conditions.

published proceedings

  • Rev Sci Instrum

author list (cited authors)

  • Bak, J., Suazo Betancourt, J. L., Rekhy, A., Abbasszadehrad, A., Miles, R. B., Limbach, C. M., & Walker, M.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Bak, J||Suazo Betancourt, JL||Rekhy, A||Abbasszadehrad, A||Miles, RB||Limbach, CM||Walker, MLR

publication date

  • February 2023