Analysis of two-phase flow in cryogenic damper seals - Part I: Theoretical model
Cryogenic fluid damper seals operating close to the liquid-vapor region (near the critical point or slightly sub-cooled) are likely to develop a two-phase flow region which affects the seal performance and reliability. An all-liquid, liquid-vapor, and all-vapor, i.e., a `continuous vaporization' bulk flow model is presented for prediction of the seal dynamic forced response. Continuity, momentum, and energy (enthalpy) transport equations govern the two-phase flow of a homogeneous saturated mixture in thermodynamic equilibrium. Static and dynamic force performance characteristics for the seal are obtained from a perturbation analysis of the governing equations. Theoretical predictions and comparisons to experimental measurements in a liquid and gaseous nitrogen seal are presented in Part II. The effects of two-phase flow regimes on the dynamic force coefficients and stability of an oxygen damper seal are also discussed.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Paper)
author list (cited authors)
Arauz, G. L., & San Andres, L.
complete list of authors