Fitm2 is required for ER homeostasis and normal function ofmurine liver. Academic Article uri icon


  • The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protein fat storage-inducing transmembrane protein 2 (FIT2) catalyzes acyl-CoA cleavage invitro and is required for ER homeostasis and normal lipid storage in cells. The gene encoding FIT2 is essential for the viability of mice and worms. Whether FIT2 acts as an acyl-CoA diphosphatase invivo and how this activity affects the liver, where the protein was discovered, are unknown. Here, we report that hepatocyte-specific Fitm2 knockout (FIT2-LKO) mice fed a chow diet exhibited elevated acyl-CoA levels, ER stress, and signs of liver injury. These mice also had more triglycerides in their livers than control littermates due, in part, to impaired secretion of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and reduced capacity for fatty acid oxidation. We found that challenging FIT2-LKO mice with a high-fat diet worsened hepatic ER stress and liver injury but unexpectedly reversed the steatosis phenotype, similar to what is observed in FIT2-deficient cells loaded with fatty acids. Our findings support the model that FIT2 acts as an acyl-CoA diphosphatase invivo and is crucial for normal hepatocyte function and ER homeostasis in the murine liver.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Bond, L. M., Ibrahim, A., Lai, Z. W., Walzem, R. L., Bronson, R. T., Ilkayeva, O. R., Walther, T. C., & Farese, R. V.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Bond, Laura M||Ibrahim, Ayon||Lai, Zon W||Walzem, Rosemary L||Bronson, Roderick T||Ilkayeva, Olga R||Walther, Tobias C||Farese, Robert V

publication date

  • March 2023