Effects of Misalignment on Turbulent Flow Hybrid Thrust Bearings
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An extended computation bulk-flow analysis for prediction of performance in angled injection, orifice-compensated hydrostatic/hydrodynamic thrust bearings is presented. The fluid motion within the thin film lands is governed by mass conservation and momentum transport equations. Mass flow conservation and a simple model for momentum transport within the hydrostatic bearing recesses are also accounted for. A perturbation analysis for small amplitude shaft axial motions and angulations leads to zeroth and first-order equations describing the equilibrium and perturbed fluid flows. The computational procedure predicts the bearing flow rate, thrust load and restoring moments, drag torque, and 27 force and moment coefficients. The effects of misalignment on the dynamic performance of a refrigerant fluid-hybrid thrust bearing are evaluated at an optimal operating condition. The axial force/displacement stiffness coefficient and the direct moment/angle stiffness coefficients show a maximum for a certain recess pressure ratio, while the damping coefficient steadily increases with the applied load. As the misalignment angle increases, both moment and force coefficients also increase. Most operating conditions show a whirl frequency ratio equal to 0.50. Thus, thrust hybrid bearings offer the same limited stability characteristics as hydrodynamic thrust bearings when undergoing self-excited shaft angular motions.
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