Analysis of performance and rotordynamic force coefficients of brush seals with reverse rotation ability
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Multiple-shoed brush seals represent an alternative to resolve poor reliability resulting from bristle tip wear while also allowing for reverse rotation operation. The novel configuration incorporates pads contacting the shaft, and which under rotor spinning; lift off due to the generation of hydrodynamic pressures. The ensuing gas film prevents intermittent contact; thus lowering the operating temperature and thermal distortions, and even eliminating bristles' wear. A computational analysis for the equilibrium and dynamic forced response of a brush seal with reverse rotation capability is presented. Small amplitude rotor motions about an equilibrium position lead to a nonlinear partial differential equation for the static pressure field, and a set of first order linear partial differential equations to determine the rotordynamic force coefficients, stiffness and damping, as function of the excitation frequency and other operating conditions. Predictions for the stiffness and damping coefficients of a 20 shoe-brush seal configuration operating over a range of rotor speeds are detailed. The parametric study varies the nominal gas film thickness, the supply to discharge pressure ratio, and the bristle bed structural loss (damping) coefficient. The results show that the film clearance and supply to discharge pressure ratio do not affect the shoed-brush seal force coefficients. On the other hand, the direct stiffness drops rapidly as the operating speed increases. The shoed-brush seal offers whirl frequency ratios much lower than 0.50 due to the (structural) damping arising from friction among the brush seal bristles.
author list (cited authors)
Delgado, A., Andrés, L. S., & Justak, J. F.