Numerical Investigation of Remote Ignition in Shock Tubes Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractHighly resolved two- and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are presented for shock-tube experiments containing hydrogen/oxygen (H2/O2) mixtures, to investigate mechanisms leading to remote ignition. The results of the reactive cases are compared against experimental results from Meyer and Oppenheim (Proc Combust Inst 13(1): 11531164, 1971. 10.1016/s0082-0784(71)80112-1) and Hanson et al. (Combust Flame 160(9): 15501558, 2013. 10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.03.026). The results of the non-reactive case are compared against shocktube experiments, recently carried out in Duisburg and Texas. The computational domain covers the end-wall region of the shock tube and applies high order numerics featuring an all-speed approximate Riemann scheme, combined with a 5th order interpolation scheme. Direct chemistry is employed using detailed reaction mechanisms with 11 species and up to 40 reactions, on a grid with up to 2.2 billion cells. Additional two-dimensional simulations are performed for non-reactive conditions to validate the treatment of boundary-layer effects at the inlet of the computational domain. The computational domain covers a region at the end part of the shock tube. The ignition process is analyzed by fields of localized, expected ignition times. Instantaneous fields of temperature, pressure, entropy, and dissipation rate are presented to explain the flow dynamics, specifically in the case of a bifurcated reflected shock. In all cases regions with locally increased temperatures were observed, reducing the local ignition-delay time in areas away from the endwall significantly, thus compensating for the late compression by the reflected shock and therefore leading for first ignition at a remote location, i.e., away from the endwall where the ignition would occur under ideal conditions. In cases without a bifurcated reflected shock, the temperature increase results from shock attenuation. In cases with a bifurcated reflected shock, the formation of a second normal shock and shear near the slipline is found to be crucial for the remote ignition to take place. Overall, the two- and three-dimensional simulations were found to qualitatively explain the occurrence of remote ignition and to be quantitatively correct, implying that they include the correct physics.

published proceedings

  • Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

author list (cited authors)

  • Lipkowicz, J. T., Nativel, D., Cooper, S., Wlokas, I., Fikri, M., Petersen, E., Schulz, C., & Kempf, A. M.

complete list of authors

  • Lipkowicz, Jonathan Timo||Nativel, Damien||Cooper, Sean||Wlokas, Irenäus||Fikri, Mustapha||Petersen, Eric||Schulz, Christof||Kempf, Andreas Markus

publication date

  • October 2020